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These Anti-Suffragette Postcards Warned Against Giving Women the Vote

There are always those who resist social change
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While modern political arguments take place on social media sites, it wasn’t all that long ago that suffragettes and anti-suffrage activists alike took to the easily sharable medium of their day to get their message heard: the postcard.

The picture postcard was invented in the late 19th century. As British and American women began organizing in support of women’s suffrage, demanding to be given equal say in how their countries should be run, the postcard was quickly seized as a medium for the fight over their right to vote, Julie Zeilinger reports for the Huffington Post.

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While pro-suffrage organizations and some commercial postcard publishers produced postcards that advocated for the women’s right to vote, many American and British commercial publishers created their own propaganda against the movement in their postcard sets.

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“Most of these sets took on an anti-suffrage and, at times, somewhat bemused attitude to the issue, although positive statements do certainly appear with some regularity,” Kenneth Florey, author of American Woman Suffrage Postcards: a Study and Catalog, writes. “These cards often showed a topsy-turvy world, and the resultant chaos once women achieved power and husbands were forced to do the housekeeping and child raising.”

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Many anti-suffrage postcards from the time depict men performing what were then considered women’s roles in the house, like cooking, cleaning and caring for their children while their wives went out on the town. Others depicted suffragettes as domineering, abusive and physically ugly women who couldn’t get a husband any other way than by trying to overthrow society, Maria Popova writes for Brain Pickings. But while many American anti-suffrage postcards also depicted suffragettes as generally misinformed and confused, their British counterparts could be much more violent.

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“Often suffragettes in English cards are not simply plain, they are grotesque, the implication being that their ugliness and their ideology are interrelated,” Florey writes. “Clearly the assumption of these cards is that normal women marry and settle into ‘traditional’ roles; the suffragette is not normal, she is a genderless creature whose beliefs and appearance set her outside the general order. But she is frightening and dangerous at times.”

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Of course, the fear mongering campaign ultimately failed. In 1920, the 19th Amendment gave American women the same voting rights as men, and in 1928, the Equal Franchise Act gave UK women full suffrage as well. The postcards remain around today, a footnote to the obstacles and prejudices around, which predicted a total societal collapse should women to be given equal say in how their countries should be run.

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DOM GOD-9

Henry Sapiecha

Top 10 Richest Women in the World List

Coming up with a list of the richest women in the world can be a tricky affair because there are very many rich women, and parameters of measuring wealth may differ greatly. That’s why you may end up with slightly different lists, depending on who has compiled it. Again, whether a given list presents the actual picture is not easily determinable because some women are not keen on disclosing their wealth. Experts mainly rely on publicly available information and what the woman in question is willing to disclose.

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Here they are in no particular order below:-

Lydia Hearst

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The hot Lydia Hearst is an American performer, fashion model, blogger and heiress to a publication established by her great-grandfather, William Randolph Hearst, and daughter of Patricia Campbell Hearst. Although her birth name is Lydia Marie Hearst-Shaw, she is known widely as Lydia Hearst. Her family has a habit of involving themselves in philanthropic causes which has eventually led Lydia to become a Smile Ambassador for Operation Smile. After Lydia graduated from Wilton High School, she enrolled in Sacred Heart University where she majored in the subjects of Communications and Technology. Lydia was always inspired by fashion trends, photography and the art. She was discovered by famed professional photographer Stephen Meisel, her first magazine cover was for Vogue Italy in April 2004. Hearst has covered countless fashion magazines all over Europe, South America and the United States. She has worked with the greatest photographers in the world including Patrick DeMarchelier, Mario Testino, Paulo Roversi and Terry Richardson. If all that wasn’t enough she made an appearance in two music videos and a modeling reality competition. In conclusion she is the dream of every man, she’s rich, young, beautiful and single, what more can you ask?

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Holly Branson

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She is the daughter of famous Sir Richard Branson. Holly has a medical degree which she received in 2007; she worked for a year in the neurology department of Chelsea and Westminster Hospital. Today her medical career is a thing of the past. She is involved in many of her father’s business activities around the world such as listening to South African kids pitch their startup ideas at the Branson Center of Entrepreneurship in Johannesburg, South Africa. Officially, Holly is listed as the special projects manager at Virgin. She is also on the board of Virgin Unite, an incubator for the many nonprofit startups. Holly has reported on Richard’s site that she’s expecting twins soon, and therefore you will probably not see her as much at charitable events in this upcoming year.

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Ivanka Trump

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Ivanka Trump was born in the city of New York, you might recognize her dad, American business magnate Donald Trump. She attended Georgetown University for two years, and then transferred to Wharton Business at the University of Pennsylvania, she has a bachelor’s degree in Economics.
Before joining the Trump family business, Ivana worked for Forest City Enterprises and cooperated with Dynamic Diamond Corp. Today she is currently acting as the Executive Vice President of Development & Acquisitions for The Trump Organization. Recently she has also released her own line of fashionable handbags and footwear.
Ivanka Trump published a book named The Trump Card: Playing to Win in Work and Life, which came out to the shelf’s October 2009. On that same month, Trump married businessman Jared Kushner, the couple has currently two kids.

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Elizabeth Holmes

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In the year 2002, Elizabeth Holmes started studying at Stanford University the art of chemistry. She later used the money that her parents had saved for her education, to establish a company named Real-Time Cures in the city of Palo Alto. Later, she changed the company’s name to Theranos. At first, she worked out of a basement of a house. One semester later, she dropped out of school to pursue her business career full-time; she wrote a patent on a wearable patch for conducting tests. Her Professor served as a Director of the company.
Over the next decade, the company grew and grew, raising a whopping amount of $400 million. During its first years, Theranos operated under the radar, remaining highly secretive to avoid waking up potential competitors.
By 2014, she offered 200 tests and had 500 employees. The company is valued at more than $8 billion. Holmes currently has 18 US patents and 66 non-US patents under her name. Holmes is the youngest self-made woman billionaire in the world, where she her personal net worth is an estimated $4.5 billion.

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Marta Ortega-Perez

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Some people have rich parents, but none quite so much as Marta Ortega-Perez; her father is the third richest person on the planet, according to Forbes and the Hurun Report . This beautiful Spanish woman is the daughter of Amancio Ortega, who is the founder and owner of Inditex. This fashion company owns big named brands such as Zara and Massimo Dutti, which may explain why Amancio is worth a staggering $62 billion! Marta hasn’t been handed everything on a plate, however, as she was first made to work at the bottom of the career ladder. She has worked in several of her father’s stores as a basic sales assistant, which meant stacking shelves and dealing with customers. Sources close to the family say that Marta is being prepared by her father, so that she can take over Inditex when the time comes.
If she’s anything like her father then she’ll probably like keeping a low profile for the foreseeable future. Her father goes to the same coffee shop every single day, refuses to wear a tie and is rarely seen in publicity photographs. In fact, the secretive man has only ever given interviews to three journalists throughout his entire life. However, Marta has been snapped a few times and we think this has to be because of her stunning beauty. At 28 years old, this woman has plenty going for her (and not just her stacks of cash). Marta Ortega-Perez has a keen love for horses, which could be why she recently married Sergio Alvarez Moya; a Spanish equestrian star.

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Liliane Bettencourt (France)

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Liliane is not only the richest female in the world but has also overtaken Bernard Arnault as the wealthiest person in France. She inherited L’Oreal, the largest cosmetic company in the world from her father as the sole heir. The sale of her island paradise also helped her rake in profits of $42 million. Her net worth stands at $ 30 billion.

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Christy Walton (USA)

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Christy Walton is the second richest woman on the planet. She is also ranked as the 11th wealthiest person in the world. She is the widow of John Walton, and Sam Walton, the founder of the prestigious retail chain Wal-Mart, is her father in law. Her net worth of $ 28.2 billion is constituted by significant holdings in Wal-Mart and the First Solar Company.

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Alice Walton (USA)

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Alice is the only daughter of Sam Walton, founder of Wal-Mart retail chain. Wal-Mart is the only company that has landed two women in the top 10 list of rich women. She is ranked third with a net worth of $ 23.3 billion. Times Magazine also recognized her as one of the most influential people in the world. She is 10th richest in USA and 16th richest in the world.

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Iris Fontbona (Chile)

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Iris is among the rich women in the top ten, coming at position 4. Her net worth which stands at $ 17.4 billion was largely inherited from her late husband. She is the wealthiest person in Chile and ranks 35 in the Forbes list of Billionaires. Iris has controlling interests in Antofagasta; one of the largest copper mines in the world, Banco de Chile; Chiles second largest bank, CSAV; Latin America’s biggest Shipping Company, and CCU; the world’s largest brewer.

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Gina Rinehart (Australia)

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Gina beats other rich women to secure position 5 in the Forbes world’s richest women list. She is also the wealthiest person in Australia. Her late father Lang Hancock was a mining tycoon. She inherited his business and had pushed it to a new height. She is ranked 35 in the list of most powerful women on Earth. Her net worth currently stands at $17 billion.

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Jaqueline Mars (USA)

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Jaqueline is the daughter of Edward Mars Sr. She was born in one of the richest family in the world, almost in the same class with the Walton and Koch families. Her company is the largest candy manufacture in the planet. She lies 5th on the log in the league of rich women, tying with the Australian, Gina Rinehart.

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Susanne Klatten

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Susanne is the 7th richest woman in the world and is the richest woman in Germany. She has also beaten many rich women and men to claim the 4th position in Forbes German millionaires. She inherited most of her wealth from his father Herbert Quandt and brother Stefan. She owns significant shares in Altana Pharmaceuticals and the highly acclaimed manufacturer BMW.

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THE WOMAN POWER OF 49%

WOMEN VOTING AS A BLOCK CAN ENFORCE CHANGE WORLD WIDE

Comprising 49 per cent of the electorate, Indian women could easily skew the general elections any which way they like, says Averil Nunes.

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Women form 48.46 per cent (as per the 2011 Census) of the largest democracy in the world. How does that translate into 11 per cent elected representatives in the Lok Sabha (as per PRS Legislative Research) and a mere 14 per cent of women in senior management positions (as per the Grant Thornton 2012 International Business Report)? We could blame patriarchy, we could debate the reservations policy, or we could do something to change the status quo.

“Work as a block, vote as a block,” suggests actress and activist Gul Panag. “Dalits vote as a block, Hindus vote as a block, Muslims vote as a block, Communists vote as a block. Why can’t women vote as a block to effect change?” The question then becomes, can women unite despite the diverse cultural, communal, regional, and religious beliefs that often define their identities? We’re skeptical on that front.

“We want women to understand the power of their vote and to use it wisely, based on how political parties respond to their issues. Women’s votes in India usually go to the party that the men in the family vote for, but the issues women face are different from those that men face. Logically, there is no reason for women to always vote with the man. The Power of 49 campaign is also a message to politicians, that women can make or break them, because in India they form the single largest voting block,” explains Vikram Grover, Vice President, Tata Global Beverages (TGB), the company branded by the popular Jaago Re campaign.

Yet, is there a party or even a single candidate with a vision to change the way things work for women in this country? The candidacy of women in the general elections has been less than 10 per cent in the past. Should more women be contesting the elections? “Women would certainly be better leaders. They are far more caring, compassionate, patient and non-violent than men,” says socio-political activist Sudheendra Kulkarni. “They have proven their capability through the one/third reservations at the Panchayat level. There are 1.5 million women representatives in local self-governing bodies. Through micro-finance and self-help organisations, they are already making a difference to their families and communities. But the shackles—family restraints as well as gender biases in political parties—need to be broken for women to play an active role in public life.”

The idealistic Jaago Re campaigns are generally followed up with practical measures. For instance, a voting campaign prior to the 2009 elections led to over six lakh voter registrations on Jaagore.com. Another Jaago Re anti-corruption campaign “Khilana band, pilana shuru”, resulted in two lakh people pledging never to bribe again. And then, there’s the famous, “Bade badlav ke liye, choti shuruvat” ad released on Women’s Day, 8 March 2013, where Shah Rukh Khan vows to list women before men in his movie credits. An oath he honoured with the Chennai Express credits. Will the Power of 49 campaign make a difference to the women of India before the upcoming general elections? As cause partner for the International Indian Film Academy (IIFA) 2013, the campaign garnered a lot of support from the stars of India’s favourite city, Bollywood.

Chances are these stars will come out to make the Power of 49 come alive, in the run up to the elections. The plans are hush-hush for now. So we’ll have to wait and watch. Or better still, apply our minds on ways to take the Power of 49 from concept to reality.

The Paradox
Women form 48.46% (as per the 2011 Census)of the largest democracy in the world. How does that translate into 11% elected representatives in the Lok Sabha (as per PRS Legislative Research) and a mere 14% of Indian women in senior management positions (as per the Grant Thornton 2012 International Business Report)?

AAA

Henry Sapiecha

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