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The world’s 10 worst & most dangerous countries for females

London: India has been named as the world’s most dangerous country for women in a global survey by experts released on Tuesday. But it is not alone.

A woman holds a candle and placard seeking an end to sexual violence against women, which has been on the rise in the country, during a protest in Bangalore, India.

Photo: AP

The Thomson Reuters Foundation survey of around 550 experts on women’s issues ranked war-torn Afghanistan and Syria in second and third place, with Somalia and Saudi Arabia next.

The survey was almost a repetition of a similar survey in 2011 which ranked the most dangerous countries for women as Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Pakistan, India and Somalia. But it now includes also the United States, the only Western country on the list.

It questioned which five of the 193 United Nations member states were most dangerous for women and the worst for healthcare, economic resources, traditional practices, sexual and non-sexual abuse, and human trafficking.

Here is the list of the 10 countries ranked as the most dangerous for women by the survey, conducted between March 26 and May 4:

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1. India: Tops the list, with levels of violence against women still running high, more than five years after the rape and murder of a young student on a bus in Delhi sparked national outrage and government pledges to tackle the issue.

India ranked as the most dangerous on at least three issues – the risks women face from sexual violence and harassment, from cultural and traditional practices, and from human trafficking including forced labour, sex slavery and domestic servitude.

Women prepare a field for sowing corn in Dharmsala, India.

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2. Afghanistan, second overall: Expert reports say women face dire problems nearly 17 years after the overthrow of the Taliban. Ranked as the most dangerous country for women in three areas – non-sexual violence, access to healthcare, and access to economic resources.

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3. Syria: Third after seven years of civil war. Ranked as second most dangerous country for women in terms of access to healthcare and non-sexual violence, which includes conflict-related violence including domestic abuse. Joint third with the United States on the risks women face of sexual abuse.

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4. Somalia: Fourth after being mired in conflict since 1991. Ranked as third most dangerous country for women in terms of access to healthcare and placing them at risk of harmful cultural and traditional practices. Named as fifth worst in terms of women having access to economic resources.

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5. Saudi Arabia: Overall fifth, but the conservative kingdom was named the second most dangerous country for women in terms of economic access and discrimination, including in the workplace and with property rights. Fifth in terms of the risks women face from cultural and religious practices.

Women across Saudi Arabia have taken to the roads, ushering in the end of the world’s last ban on female drivers.

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6. Pakistan: Sixth most dangerous and fourth worst in economic resources and discrimination as well as the risks women face from cultural, religious and traditional practices, including so-called honour killings. Pakistan ranked fifth on non-sexual violence, including domestic abuse.

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7. Democratic Republic of Congo: Listed as seventh, with the United Nations warning millions of people face “hellish living conditions” after years of factional bloodshed and lawlessness. Ranked as second most dangerous country for women for sexual violence, and between seventh and ninth in four other meaures.

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8. Yemen: Eighth after ranking poorly on access to healthcare, economic resources, risk from cultural and traditional practices, and non-sexual violence. Yemen is still in the middle of the world’s most urgent humanitarian crisis with 22 million people in need of vital assistance.

Displaced Yemeni women, who fled their homes because of fighting in the port city of Hodeida, sit in a school in Sanaa .

Photo: AP

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9. Nigeria: Human rights groups accuse the country’s military of torture, rape and killing of civilians during a nine-year fight against Boko Haram militants. Nigeria was tagged fourth most dangerous country along with Russia when it came to human trafficking. It listed sixth worst on the risks women face from traditional practices.

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10. United States:

International attention as a result of the MeToo movement – and related sexual harassment cases such as Hollywood mogul Harvey Weinstein – had an impact on the survey.

Photo: AP

The only Western nation in the top 10 and joint third with Syria for the risks women face in terms of sexual violence, including rape, sexual harassment, coercion into sex and a lack of access to justice in rape cases. The survey came after the #MeToo campaign went viral last year, with thousands of women using the social media movement to share stories of sexual harassment or abuse.

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Reuters