Archives for : May2015

German grandmother gives birth to quadruplets at age 65

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A 65-year-old German grandmother gave birth to quadruplets at a Berlin hospital this week, with the three boys and a girl born prematurely at 26 weeks being in good health and having a good chance of survival, German TV network RTL reported on Saturday.

The network, which had covered the pregnancy, said Annegret Raunigk already had 13 children and seven grandchildren. The announcement of her pregnancy last month had sparked a public debate in Germany about its merits.

Raunigk, an English and Russian teacher in Berlin, had received fertility treatment in Ukraine and is the oldest woman in the world to have had quadruplets, RTL said, although other women of her age and older have given birth.

The four babies, born by Caesarean section on May 19, weighed between 655 grams an 960 grams.


Henry Sapiecha

Feminism is not a dirty word-Equality is the preferred norm for humanity

trish about feminissim image

IT’S FASCINATING to watch people’s reactions to the word feminism. Even with reading the opening sentence of this column, I bet I’ve already had a couple of eye rolls. Which is almost the entire reason for it to be such an interesting, and often frustrating subject.

This week I’ve read a few articles discussing the topic of feminism, and it’s people’s response to it that always has me intrigued.

What exactly is feminism? I’ve studied the subject as part of criminology, but I still can’t determine what is the difference between a feminist and an individual who just believes in us being equal?

I am a woman, so of course I’m going to be an advocate of women’s rights.

I’ve also worked in two very different environments, from policing to writing romance novels. They couldn’t be on further ends of the spectrum when it comes to a gender predominant industry. So I feel like I’m qualified enough to say that from my experience, I’ve seen that women can do things just as well as men can, and vice versa. I’ve worked under some high-ranking female commanders, and know some incredible male romance writers, both have achieved huge success in their field. We are actually all able to achieve the same things in life, regardless of our chromosome make-up. So does this make me a feminist or is it just that I have a basic understanding of equality?

Even the brilliant director George Miller, when asked about having strong female heroines in his latest Mad Max movie, danced around the topic of feminism without completely admitting to being pro-women. Despite it being an extremely clever concept, he brushed off the premise by saying that it wasn’t really intended to be a feminist movie, and it just kind of happened that way. Why is it so difficult to just say “why not?”

American singer Taylor Swift has also made some bold statements about feminism in a Maxim magazine article, after being named as the top talent in women for 2015. Her comments seem years ahead of her tender age, but are so poignant to the subject.

It’s all too easy to look away and accept things for what they are, but there’s no room for progress if society continues to ignore facts about double standards.

As my husband always points out to me, his beloved sci-fi novels always have the female commanders of the future referred to as “sir”, just the same as the men are. Let’s hope this is a prediction of future society.




Henry Sapiecha

Female Indian rape victim dies after 42 years in coma

Aruna Shanbaug, a nurse, was left bedridden after she was raped at a hospital image www.goodgirlsgo

Aruna Shanbaug, a nurse, was left bedridden after she was raped at a hospital.

Delhi: A nurse has died after 42 years in a coma following a brutal rape, in a case that led India to ease some restrictions on euthanasia.

Aruna Shanbaug suffered brain damage and had been in a vegetative state in a Mumbai hospital since being strangled with a dog chain and sexually assaulted by a hospital worker in 1973.

The 66-year-old Shanbaug had suffered a bout of pneumonia in recent days and was on a ventilator, officials at King Edward Hospital in Mumbai told the Press Trust of India news agency.
Aruna Shanbaug in a photo submitted as part of her CV.

Aruna Shanbaug in a photo submitted as part of her CV. Photo: Supplied

Shanbaug was attacked by a ward boy in the basement of the hospital where she was discovered 11 hours later, blind and suffering from a severe brain stem injury.

Left bedridden, she spent more than four decades being cared for by a team of doctors and nurses at the hospital.

Her attacker was freed after a seven-year jail sentence.

“Her actual death happened in 1973 (the date of the attack). Now what has happened is her legal death,” her friend and journalist Pinki Virani told Zee News TV channel.

Aruna Shanbaug in a photo submitted as part of her CV.image www.goodgirlsgo

“Our Aruna has given our country a big thing in the form of a law on passive euthanasia,” Virani said.

Shanbaug’s plight became a focal point of debate on euthanasia in India after Virani appealed to India’s top court in 1999 to allow her to die with dignity.

Indian laws do not permit euthanasia or self-starvation to the point of death.

But in 2011 the Supreme Court decided that life support could be legally removed for some terminally ill patients in a landmark ruling that allowed “passive euthanasia” for the first time.

The court said withdrawing life support could be allowed in exceptional circumstances, provided the request was from family and supervised by doctors and the courts.

The supervision was required to prevent “unscrupulous” family members attempting to kill off wealthy relatives, the Supreme Court had said.

The court however rejected Virani’s request to stop Shanbaug being force-fed on the grounds that she was not legally eligible to make the demand on Shanbaug’s behalf.


Henry Sapiecha

AUSTRALIAN 2015 Women In Industry Awards finalists

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2015 Women In Industry Awards

The 2nd annual Women in Industry Awards recognises and rewards the achievements of women working within the mining, engineering, and manufacturing industries, and aims to raise the profile of women within industry, as well as promote and encourage excellence.

Australian Mining, PACE and Manufacturers’ Monthly are partnering to acknowledge the exceptional women who have achieved success through their invaluable leadership, innovation and commitment to their sector.

This is your opportunity to have Australia’s leading publications recognise the women who are driving change in your industry and – in doing so –breaking down barriers and creating new possibilities for the next generation.

These may be women you work with, women whose achievements are inspiring you from afar, or women who are providing you with invaluable guidance and support. Their achievements may not be creating headlines, but we believe their dedication and exceptionalism should be celebrated.

The accomplishments of these women will be recognised at an exclusive evening event to be held in at the Ivy Ballroom on Thursdays 25 June 2015. More than just recognition, the Awards also provide an opportunity for new business opportunities and network expansion.

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Australian Mining, Manufacturers’ Monthly and Pace are proud to announce finalists for the 2015 Women in Industry Awards have been selected from a list of impressive candidates.

The only awards program of its kind to encompass mining, manufacturing and engineering, the 2015 Women in Industry Awards aims to recognise and reward the achievements of women working in the industrial sectors.

The awards are all about celebrating women who are leading change in their chosen field and breaking down the barriers in what can often be male-dominated industries.

The program seeks to single out and reward women who have created innovations, driven productivity, spearheaded change, and provided social and economic benefits through their fields.

With over 100 entries, it’s clear industry sectors were keen to have its women recognised.

We congratulate each and every finalist and look forward to seeing you all on Thursday the 25th of June at the awards dinner.

BDM of the Year

Carly Bradshaw – Business Development and Operations Manager, Australian Dust Control

Emma Cook – Business Development Manager, Agility Project Logistics

Sandra Taylor – Tender Manager I&R East, Lend Lease

Employer of the Year

Independent Racking Inspections & Audits


Excellence in Engineering

Cara Ryan – Office Manager, Building Performance Centre, Schneider Electric

Christine Charles – Head of Space Plasma, Power and Propulsion Division, The Australian National University

Claire Bianco – Engineering Supervisor, Cecil Park Plant, CSR Limited

Hayley McIver – Senior Process Engineer, Ausenco

Excellence in Manufacturing

Christine Morris – HR Director, Joy Global Australia

Michelle Vince – Group Range Development Manager, Blundstone Group

Svetlana Zatsepin – Managing Director, Coolon LED Lighting

Colly Galbiati – Managing Director, Soma Organics

Kamini Wijekulasuriya – Manufacturing Manager, Western Sydney Service Centre, Bluescope

Excellence in Mining

Kathy Zunica – Senior Geologist, AMC Consultants

Maria Joyce – General Manager, MEC Mining

Stephanie Hardy – Environmental Advisor, Monadelphous KT Pipelines

Gail Clamp – Specialist Mine Management, Rio Tinto Coal Australia

Industry Advocacy

Irina Lindquist – Healthcare Solution Architect, Schneider Electric

Carli Hobbs – General Manager, Gladstone Engineering Alliance

Christine Katic – Operations Manager, BOC Limited

Elizabeth Lewis-Gray – Chairman, Austmine

Jill Follington – Executive (founding) Director, Industry Mid North Coast

Kym Clarke – Founder and Director, She’s Empowered

Suzanne Daubney – Managing Director, Bannister Downs Dairy

Mentor of the Year

Ashlea Walley – VTEC Mentor/ DSG Program Coordinator, Wirrpanda Foundation

Christine Cotton – Regional General Manager, Tcyo Fire & Security

Simon Bradwell – Managing Director, ebm-papst A&NZ Pty Ltd

Vanessa Sewell-Rosenberg – Talent & Organisation Development Manager, BOC

Rising Star Award

Kate Francis – Civil Engineer, Hyder Consulting

Kate Macfarlane – Product Manager, BOC Limited

Sally Mayberry – Environmental Advisor, Origin Energy

Rachel Hogan – ABB Graduate Program, ABB Australia

Social Leader

Teagan Dowler – Founder, The Blue Collared Woman

Sue Webster – Executive Officer, Agribusiness Gippsland

Jill Follington – Executive Director, Industry Mid North Coast

Samantha Kerr – SCADA, COMMS & Protection Implementation Engineer, Energex

Nicole Borkowsky – Associate Director, CDIF Group

For more information regarding the Women in Industry Awards, including to purchase tickets, please click here.


Henry Sapiecha

Missing woman survived on own breast milk in New Zealand

THE mother of two who went missing while running in Rimutaka Park in New Zealand yesterday drank some of her own breast milk to keep her going.

There were emotional scenes as Susan O’Brien was returned by rescuers to her family this morning.

Her parents, husband and children had all been waiting at the entrance to the Orongorongo Track where she started a race yesterday.

Ms O’Brien told reporters she took a wrong turn on the run.

“I’m not a very good orienteering woman.”

She said she was very cold and wet overnight and often thought she would not make it.

“I definitely thought I was going to die.”

However, to keep warm, she dug a hole in the ground.

Missing runner Susan O’Brien is reunited with her family – father Andrew Khoo, mother Maggie Khoo and husband Daniel O’Brien – after being found in the Rimutaka Forest Park. Photo / Mark Mitchell

What got her through were thoughts of her children, she said.

“Nothing else mattered but my family.”

Much of her time was used to pray, she said.

“I felt God with me the whole time.”

The ordeal has not put her off track running, she said.

Her husband, Daniel O’Brien said he never gave up hope of her returning.

Ms O’Brien’s father, Andrew Khoo, said he was very happy to have his daughter return.

“Thank you everyone for helping,” he said.

“I am very happy to see my daughter come back.”

Ms O’Brien’s mother, Maggie Khoo, could not stop tears from flowing and hugged her daughter when she arrived.

Police had earlier confirmed a sighting after a member of the public said they spoke to a woman matching her description in the Orongorongo Valley yesterday.

The 29-year-old Wellington woman had been missing since yesterday after she failed to finish a trail run in the hills near Wainuiomata.

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A search and rescue operation was launched yesterday when the runner failed to appear out of the hills.

Police believe she may have taken a wrong turn and became lost trying to find her way back to the trail.

A member of the public told police they spoke to a woman matching the 29-year-old’s description at Haurangi Hutt late yesterday morning.

At 7am this morning, the Westpac Rescue Helicopter began searching the area with heat detection equipment in an attempt to locate her.

Additional Land, Search and Rescue teams from the Horowhenua and Wairarapa were also in the area and began searching at around 8am.


Henry Sapiecha

Apple’s Angela Ahrendts named top-paid US woman with $US83 million

Angela Ahrendts, Apple's senior vice president of retail and online stores image

Angela Ahrendts’s pay included a sign-on bonus and a make-whole grant for awards left behind at Burberry. Photo: Bloomberg

Angela Ahrendts, Apple’s senior vice president of retail and online stores, was the highest-paid female executive in the US last year.

The former chief executive officer of London-based fashion retailer Burberry Group was awarded $US82.6 million ($103.99 million) last year, says data compiled by Bloomberg. Ahrendts, 54, joined the world’s most-valuable company in May last year and became the first woman on its management team.

Ahrendts’s pay included a sign-on bonus and a make-whole grant for awards left behind at Burberry. The pay package is now valued at $US105.5 million. Josh Rosenstock, a spokesman for Apple, would not comment on her compensation.

Marissa Mayer of Yahoo was the country’s highest-paid female CEO. The 39-year-old was awarded $US59.1 million last year, making her No. 3 among the eight women on the Bloomberg Pay Index, a daily ranking of the top-paid US executives. Her compensation, more than 95 per cent of which is comprised of stock and options, has fallen in value to $US45 million, says data compiled by Bloomberg.


Yahoo announced in January that it planned to spin off its remaining investment in Alibaba Group, which had bolstered the Sunnyvale, California-based company’s stock last year. Mayer is under pressure to create shareholder value without it.

“There’s a limited number of people who are viewed as having those skill sets, and you have to pay for it,” said David Doyle, an executive compensation lawyer at Day Pitney LLP.

Yahoo spokeswoman Rebecca Neufeld declined to comment.

Oracle’s Safra Catz was No. 2 on the ranking after being awarded $US71.2 million in fiscal 2014 for her role as chief financial officer. Catz was named co-CEO after the Redwood City, California-based company’s fiscal 2014 year ended. In connection to her promotion, she received 500,000 options and 125,000 performance stock units, according to a September filing.

Oracle spokeswoman Deborah Hellinger declined to comment.

Only 0.3 per cent of Apple’s profit

The Bloomberg pay ranking also calculates pay-for-performance using an executive’s compensation as a percentage of a company’s economic profit, defined as after-tax net operating profit minus its cost of capital.

By that measure, Apple’s Ahrendts delivered the best rating among all women on the ranking. Her pay is equal to 0.3 per cent of the Cupertino, California-based company’s $US28.6 billion three-year average economic profit.

Lockheed Martin CEO Marillyn Hewson delivered the third-best dollar-for-dollar performance among the women on the index. The defense contractor’s quarterly revenue has slumped 16 per cent since she took over the Bethesda, Maryland-based company in January 2013, and earnings have risen more than 54 per cent.

Larisa Cioaca, a spokeswoman for Lockheed, declined to comment.

Hewson’s 2014 pay, valued at $US36.7 million at year end, is 2.9 per cent of Lockheed’s three-year average economic profit of $US1.28 billion.

Howard Rubel, a New York-based analyst with Jefferies LLC, said: “She’s well-respected by her customers, and frankly that goes a long way when you have programs that periodically face challenges.”

Other female executives on the ranking include Mylan NV CEO Heather Bresch, who was awarded $US40 million, and Martine Rothblatt, co-CEO and chairman of United Therapeutics, with $US33.3 million in awarded pay.

Executives including Facebook chief operating officer Sheryl Sandberg and Twitter General Counsel Vijaya Gadde have previously been on the ranking. The current value of their awarded pay – $US17.6 million and $US5.8 million, respectively – has dropped them from the index.



Henry Sapiecha

May 5, 2015

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INTERNATIONAL Nurses Day is not too far away.

Most people would agree that there is something special about a nurse.

He/she is different from every-one else in the community.

In any place where people are, if there is an injury or unexpected emergency, the call quickly goes out for the nurse. That is because we all know that she is always ready, willing and able to assist.

If the nurse is nearby, a hushed assurance descends upon and unites the gathering.

All is going to be well.

She dutifully and professionally offers herself in the face of danger and disease to all who need her, regardless of race, religion or social status.

While professionally aloof from her patients, she has the ability to generate spontaneous compassion, understanding and discernment.

Her very presence aids the healing process.

She portrays sincere commitment and sacrifice.

Undaunted and unrelenting, she presses on through the lonely night watch, keeping vigil over the sick and frail while others sleep.

Her career is often fraught with abuse and misunderstanding by intoxicated or ungrateful patients.

Yet she treats them all with respect and kindness.

Many nurses have saved lives along our busy highways in an accident, while sadly some have themselves been the unfortunate victim.

Soldiers in all our wars have been greatly blessed by the dedication and faithfulness of our nurses on the battlefields.

Let us always admire, respect and support our nurses as does Frank Mason North when he writes (MHB 895): “The cup of water for you still holds the freshness of your grace, yet these multitudes long to see the sweet compassion of your face”.


Henry Sapiecha

Marissa Mayer Of Yahoo Is Highest Paid Female CEO

Here below is a chart showing which women earn how much in big numbers

Marissa Mayer of Yahoo image www.goodgirlsgo (1)

Marissa Mayer of Yahoo was the America’s highest-paid female CEO in 2014. But at $42 million, her total earnings were just a fraction of the highest paid male CEO’s.

Mayer’s total compensation was less than 15 percent of Nick Woodman’s, 2014’s highest-paid male U.S. CEO. Woodman, founder of GoPro, the company that makes those little cameras people attach to their dogs when they leave them home alone, was granted stock units valued at $284.5 million at the end of 2014, according to Bloomberg.

Mayer, 39, was paid $1 million in salary, but if you pair that with her stock and option awards of $11.7 million and $28.2 million, $1.1 million in an incentive pay plan and $28,065 in additional perks, she made a total of $42 million last year, USA Today reported. That’s an increase of 69 percent from her total earnings in 2013, which were $28.6 million. Still, she’d need a raise of $242 million to match Woodman.

There is some silver lining. Though there are still far more male CEOs at S&P 500 companies than female, the average female CEO of an S&P 500 company is paid more than her male counterparts. Mayer is the seventh-highest paid S&P 500 CEO overall.

women ceo wages earnt chart image


Henry Sapiecha


Why women create great places to work

MECCA Brands CEO Jo Horgan image

MECCA Brands CEO Jo Horgan … When it comes to orchestrating a great place to work, women are punching well above their weight. Photo: Scott Barbour

Jo Horgan turns to a sporting analogy to describe her role as founder and chief executive of cosmetics company MECCA Brands. “I seriously consider myself the slave of everybody else in the organisation,” Horgan says. “And my job? You know in curling [there’s] the person who madly shines the ice, to make sure the puck glides straight through? I literally think my job is to do that all the time.”

As a female chief executive, Horgan is in the small minority – only 5 per cent of companies in the ASX 100 have a female CEO. But when it comes to orchestrating a great place to work, women are punching well above their weight. It seems it pays to have a female boss.

Seven of this year’s top 22 places to work are run by management teams dominated by women executives. That include companies with a female-dominated workforces, such as cosmetics brands Estée Lauder and MECCA, and stationery retail chain kikki.K, but also media companies OMD and Mindshare as well as charity Starlight Children’s Foundation.

Anyone looking for big differences between the management style of men and women could be disappointed: the companies with a higher proportion of female executives did not score consistently better on any one aspect of the Best Places to Work survey.

In Horgan’s case, it was her path as an entrepreneur, rather than her gender, which has defined her management style, she insists.

She founded MECCA in her 20s after working for L’Oréal and has always taken a long-term view of the company. Horgan says there have been times in the history of the business where this has led to counter-intuitive choices.

“In 1999 the dollar really plummeted . . . the knee-jerk reaction was to cut staffing,” Horgan says. “Our model is we invest more in staff than any other retailer, any other cosmetic house, any other concept.

“We invest nearly 3 per cent of our entire turnover just on education, which is unheard of. I said [at the time] I do not care if I do not eat, we will not reduce staffing.”

Gender balance affects company culture

But if gender in the executive ranks makes little difference, gender in the staff ranks has a bigger impact. The survey suggests gender balance affects company culture at a deep level, with men and women perceiving the company differently.

Female employees tended to agree more than men that management hires people who fit in well, management has a clear view of where the organisation is going and how to get there, management would lay people off only as a last resort and that people avoid politics and backstabbing as ways to get things done.

Male employees agree more than females that they receive a fair share of the profits made by the organisation and people are paid fairly for the work they do.

Gender also affects the more superficial side of being a great place to work – the perks of the job. For example, while IT companies are famous for office foosball tables and free beer, Estée Lauder offers free monthly massages.

Magda Lategan, the vice-president of human resources for Australia, New Zealand and South Africa at Estée Lauder, says the company is female-dominated and in Australia it is 87 per cent women, in headquarters as well as on the retail floor.

“We don’t go out looking for females but more females would respond to ads because of what it is,” Lategan says. “We see people as equal. We are more female and so some of our practices are biased towards females but if a male came along and asked for [comparable] things, he would receive it as well.”

For example, Estée Lauder offers six weeks of paid parental leave on top of government legislated leave, and both men and women have taken this up.

Flexible working hours

Lategan says the company does not publish flexible hours but in reality, they exist – for example, one of her team members works from home one day a week because of the cost of childcare.

It is a similar story at stationery chain kikki.K. Chief executive Russell Parker says the company is 85 per cent female, with an average age of 25, but that is not planned.

Kikki.K offers flexible hours for working parents who need to drop off and pick up kids, and allows people to work remotely. He believes both the male and female employees want similar things.

Kikki.K does not have a long list of perks – though the company does offer a paid day of leave on the employee’s birthday – and relies more on intrinsic motivation and the culture set by co-founder Kristina Karlsson.

“They want to do something they’re passionate about, they want to do something fulfilling, they want personal growth, they want to be surrounded by a great team that are equally as passionate about their job, they want to be challenged, and they want to have their contributions recognised fairly,” he says.

“Kikki.K was founded on Kristina’s dream of wanting to do something that made her happy to drive to work on a Monday morning – this is really part of our cultural DNA now.”

An example of that culture in practice is the “Above and Beyond” concept. At the end of each day, the retail stores email a report to the general manager of retail to summarise their day. Part of the report requires them to provide an example of when a team member has gone above and beyond for a customer or a colleague. The best examples are published and shared internally.

Women suffer most when things are lacking

While practices like paid parental leave and flexible working hours may be offered to both men and women, there is ample evidence that women suffer most when these things are lacking.

Retail brands tend to have a young workforce, but gender balance is important at senior management level as well. MECCA has a female chief executive and five out of seven senior manager positions are filled by women. Young women may not have families yet, but Leah Mahon, talent acquisition specialist at MECCA, says they are looking for role models who do.

“If you’re a young woman, it’s really inspiring to see other women achieving, having children and returning to work and having fulfilling careers that are influential and make a real difference to the business,” Mahon says.


Henry Sapiecha

Ellen Pao lost her gender discrimination case against her former employer, but…….

Ellen Pao leaving court in March. image

Ellen Pao lost her gender discrimination case against her former employer, but the concerns she raises should not be swept aside.

Start-ups need to consider diversity and discrimination in their sphere of influence.

Operating in intimate workplaces, like entrepreneurs often do, there are a lot of complex factors. Managers need to think beyond themselves and what they do; while company policy might not act against diversity, the culture might.

Research from Harvard Business School shows us that men in leadership have a predisposition to belittling female subordinates.

Men who are threatened by women are then more likely to objectify and sexualise her.

This can translate to lower motivation by women and reduced performance. If her contributions aren’t valued, why would she be at her peak? And why would she stay?

Pao, who was gunning for a senior partner role, is asking us to consider the role of group-think. If those who are making decisions are pale, male and stale can gender equity really be achieved? Company direction is not achieved in a vacuum. Organisations can only prosper when stereotypes are challenged.

If anything it seems that Kleiner Perkins has learned almost nothing from this experience, trying to keep Pao quiet. There is huge value in her talking and shedding light on these issues, and helping organisations navigate them themselves.

This is on the mind of investors at the moment – for example, legendary investor Sallie Krawcheck is publicly considering this now.

It is too easy to think that the issues of diversity in the US and the Valley are distant from us in Australia.

For Australian organisations the main issue that Pao raises is workplace conflict. In the competitive and pressure-filled environment of start-ups and investing this can be deeply connected to how we view ourselves. Work is where we source confidence and prestige.

Pao believes she was unfairly passed over. I speak with women from varied industries that have had similar experiences, but none had the confidence to raise it publicly. Current research, including from Bain, shows that men are more likely to be promoted on prospects where women need to shows a record of achievement.

One of the organisations I’m working with at the moment has a male and female founding duo. Their relationship is under strain as she has taken on more executive and operation duties while he is working on strategic thinking.

While both are essential, he is seeking advice from people who are like him. This fails to capitalise on her current on-ground knowledge.

Entrepreneurial women are challenged by a breadth of issues, as innovators and leaders. Expected to juggle organisational success, be feisty but not too aggressive and also somehow balance 60-hour work weeks with a flourishing personal life.

Stereotyping and discrimination like this is not helpful and, although it is less blatant than in the past, it remains a challenge to be overcome and one critical to organisational success.

Division and tension are the seeds of company failure. A culture shift across business is required, but it is start-ups that can achieve this.

Founders and early investors can implore a culture that values a breadth of experiences.

Following the case, Pao has been realistic talking about the complexities of modern womanhood.

Embracing the value and impact of diversity is in the hands of today’s entrepreneurs.

Conrad Liveris is an advocate, adviser and researcher on the politics and economics of diversity.


woman uses microscope image

An all-girls engineering class
Women make up only 14 percent of engineers, and the lack of female engineers in the field has been a topic of much discussion and concern. Morristown High School in Morristown, New Jersey has been experiencing this problem firsthand. The school offers a number of engineering courses, including a Principles of Engineering class, as part of Project Lead the Way. Mariel Kolker, an experienced teacher and engineer, found the number of girls in her classes dwindling from 6 one year to two the next and finally, she taught a class with just one girl.


Henry Sapiecha